Hemp Law

 

Laws and guidelines

 

With regard to the legal situation in Austria, two different types of cannabis products have to be distinguished. On the one hand there are hemp products with a content of more than 0.3 percent THC (tetrahydrocannabinol). The second legal evaluation applies to all products with a THC content below 0.3%.

THC is a natural component of the hemp plant and belongs to the psychoactive substances. In Austria, these products fall under the Narcotic Substances Act (SMG). It is illegal to acquire, possess, produce, import, export or transfer or procure cannabis to another.[1] Contrary to this, the consumption of cannabis products with a THC content of more than 0.3 percent is not prohibited. However, practice shows that in almost all cases use is also criminalised due to ownership.

From a traffic law point of view, driving a vehicle under the influence of cannabis is prohibited in Austria. The influence of THC measurement in the blood is already considered to be an influence. Drivers, who nevertheless drive after using cannabis with more than 0.3% THC, are fined with a one-month withdrawal of their driving licence. In addition, one must expect a fine of up to 3700 euros.

CBD (Cannabidiol) is a second active substance, which is contained in the hemp plant and is classified as legal. The percentage of CBD in cannabis products is not a problem from a legal point of view, but here too the rule applies that the THC content must not exceed 0.3 percent.

CBD is regarded as hardly or not at all psychoactive and offers great potential especially from a medical perspective. The mode of action is described as anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic and pain-relieving.[2] However, further research in this direction is not limited to physical pain, but is now also concerned with anxiolytic effects on the psyche.[3]

With regard to the legal situation, it is essential to note that you should only buy products that have been tested in the laboratory or that you should inform yourself at the time of purchase if the product has been checked for THC content.

 

 

 

[1] ARGE CANNA - https://arge-canna.at/recht/rechtslage-in-oesterreich
[2] R. Mechoulam, M. Peters, E. Murillo-Rodriguez, L. O. Hanus: Cannabidiol - recent advances. In: Chemistry & Biodiversity. 4, 8, 2007, S. 1678–1692
[3] A. W. Zuardi, J. A. Crippa, J. E. Hallak, F. A. Moreira, F. S. Guimarães: Cannabidiol, a Cannabis sativa constituent, as an antipsychotic drug. In: Braz. J. Med. Biol. Res. (Review) 39 (4), April 2006, p. 421-429